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The modal verb "müssen" in German

Saying:
Man muss die Menschen so nehmen, wie sie sind, und nicht, wie sie sein müssten
(One must take people for what they are not who they ought to be)

müssen

Meaning of "müssen" in German

The verb "müssen" means

"to have to" or "must"

Grammar of "müssen"

"müssen" is a modal verb, which means that normally it needs another verb to complement its meaning.

Müssen’s auxiliary verb, like the rest of modal verbs, is haben.

Verb3rd PersonPräteritumPartizip IIMeaning
müssen(muss)musstegemusstmust

Main article: The modal verbs

Conjugation of "müssen"

Present simple (Präsens Indikativ)

ConjugationMeaning
ich mussI must
du musstyou must
er/sie/es musshe/she/it must
wir müssenwe must
ihr müsstyou must
sie müssenthey must

Ich muss ein Auto kaufen
I have to buy a car

Wir müssen dieses Spiel gewinnen
We have to win this game

Simple past (Präteritum)

ConjugationMeaning
ich mussteI had to
du musstestyou had to
er/sie/es musstehe/she/it had to
wir musstenwe had to
ihr musstetyou had to
sie musstenthey had to

Ich musste nicht lange warten
I didn’t have to wait long

Conjuntivo II (Konjunktiv II)

Conjugation
ich müsste
du müsstest
er/sie/es müsste
wir müssten
ihr müsstet
sie müssten

Participle (Partizip)

Partizip IPartizip II
müssend
(having to)
gemusst
(had to)

Imperative (Imperativ)

"müssen" like the rest of modal verbs. It does not have an imperative.



1 Comments
#1 [shanaya]2016-06-30 06:38
good

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