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Negation and Affirmation (German Language)

No in German. The types of negation: "nein", "nicht", "kein", "nie", "niemand", "nichts"...

Nein

Types of Negation: "Nein", "nicht", "kein"

Nein

We use "nein" when we answer negatively to a direct question.

Hast du einen Kuli? Nein
Do you have a pen? No

Nicht

We use "nicht" in several cases:

  • When we negate a verb.

Willst du kommen? Nein, ich will nicht gehen .
Do you want to come? No, I do not want to go

  • When we negate an adjective or adverb.

Dieses Auto ist nicht groß
This car is not big

Kein

It can be translated as "none". We recommend that you study the pronoun "kein" in detail because the way it functions is not obvious and it is used very often in German. "Kein" has 2 functions:

  • attributive (accompanying a noun)
  • not attributive, without an article

"Kein" with an attributive function

When "kein" comes before a noun (attributive function) its function is similar to that of an article:

Hast du einen Kuli? nein, ich habe keinen Kuli
Do you have pen? No, I don’t have a pen.

Declension of "Kein" (attributive)

It is declined as the indefinte article, except in plural forms:

MasculineFeminineNeuterPlural
Nominativekeinkeinekeinkeine
Accusativekeinenkeinekeinkeine
Dativekeinemkeinerkeinemkeinen
Genitivekeineskeinerkeineskeiner

"Kein" with no attributive function and without an article

Hast du ein Auto? Nein, ich habe keines .
Do you have a car? No, I don’t have one.

"Kein" without an attributive function is declined with the strong declension:

MasculineFeminineNeuterPlural
Nominativekeinerkeinekeineskeine
Accusativekeinenkeinekeineskeine
Dativekeinemkeinerkeinemkeinen
Genitivekeineskeinerkeineskeiner

Other types of negation

The particles nichts, nie and niemand are also used for negation:

  • nichts (nothing)

Ich habe nichts zu verlieren
I have nothing to lose

  • nie (never)

    Ich war nie dort
    I was never there

  • niemand (no one/nobody)
  • Niemand war dort
    No one/nobody was there

The affirmation "Ja"

"Ja" means "yes" and, just like in English, it is used to answer closed questions:

Hast du Kulis? Ja, ich habe drei .
Do you have pens? Yes, I have three.

Answering questions with negation: "Doch" and "Nein"

Questions are often asked in German with negation. We could answer negatively to this type of question with "nein" or affirmatively with "doch."

Hast du keinen Kuli? Nein, ich habe keinen Kuli.
Don’t you have a pen? No, I don’t have a pen.

Hast du keinen Kuli? Doch, ich habe drei.
Don’t you have a pen? Yes, I have three.

Audiovisual Supplement

A beautiful Disney song: Farbenspiel des Winds (Pocahontas) with German subtitles




1 Comments
#1 [Suhaib Ahmad]2016-08-24 09:38
very good explanation, i think if you add excercises for practice than it becomes amazing.

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