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The irregular verb "liegen" in German

Latin saying:
"Im Wein liegt Wahrheit"
(the truth comes out with wine)

Meaning of "liegen" in German

The verb "liegen" means:

1.-to be lying down, to be horizontal

Er liegt krank im Bett
He is sick in bed

Was liegt auf dem Tisch?
What’s on the plate?

Die Schule liegt an einer Hauptstraße
The school is on a main street

Grammar of "liegen"

"liegen" is an irregular verb.

Verb3rd PersonPräteritumPartizip IIMeaning
liegenliegtlaggelegento be lying down

Main article: Irregular verbs

Conjugation of "liegen"

Present simple (Präsens Indikativ)

ich liegeI am lying down
du liegstyou are lying down
er/sie/es liegthe/she/it is lying down
wir liegenwe are lying down
ihr liegtyou are lying down
sie liegenthey are lying down

Das Buch lag ganz oben im Regal
The book was laying on the very top of the shelf

Köln liegt direkt am Rhein
Cologne is right next on the Rhine

Perfect (Perfekt)

ich habe gelegenI have lain down
du hast gelegenyou have lain down
er/sie/es hat gelegenhe/she/it has lain down
wir haben gelegenwe have lain down
ihr habt gelegenyou have lain down
sie haben gelegenthey have lain down

Ich habe gestern zu lang in der Sonne gelegen
I laid in the sun too long yesterday

Simple past (Präteritum)

ich lagI was lying down
du lagstyou were lying down
er/sie/es laghe/she/it was lying down
wir lagenwe were lying down
ihr lagtyou were lying down
sie lagenthey were lying down

Um 10 Uhr morgens lagen sie immer noch im Bett
At 10 in the morning they were still in bed

Subjunctive II (Konjunktiv II)

ich läge
du lägst
er/sie/es läge
wir lägen
ihr lägt
sie lägen

Participle (Partizip)

Partizip IPartizip II

Imperative (Imperativ)

2nd person singularliegbe lying
2nd person pluralliegtbe lying down
Polite formliegen Siebe lying down

Verbs with the stem "liegen"

vorliegento exist
(separable verb)