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The irregular verb "rufen" in German

"Gehe nie zu deinem Fürst, wenn du nicht gerufen wirst"
(Never go to your prince if you’re not called)

Meaning of "rufen" in German.

The verb "rufen" means:

1.-to call (with your voice)

Ich habe gleich meine Eltern gerufen
I just called my parents

Structure: rufen + [accusative] (what is called).

Differences in meaning between "rufen", "anrufen" and "aufrufen"

"rufen" is to call with your voice, "anrufen" is to call by phone and "aufrufen" is used in computation to call up a function.

Differences in meaning between "anrufen" and "telefonieren"

"anrufen" is to call by phone and "telefonieren" is to speak by phone.

Grammar of "rufen"

"rufen" is an irregular verb.

Verb3rd PersonPräteritumPartizip IIMeaning
rufenruftriefgerufento call

Main article: Irregular verbs

Conjugation of "rufen"

Present simple (Präsens Indikativ)

ich rufeI call
du rufstyou call
er rufthe calls
wir rufenwe call
ihr ruftyou call
sie rufenthey call

Perfect (Perfekt)

ich habe gerufenI have called
du hast gerufenyou have called
er hat gerufenhe has called
wir haben gerufenwe have called
ihr habt gerufenyou have called
sie haben gerufenthey have called

Hat jemand mich gerufen?
Did someone call me?

Simple past (Präteritum)

ich riefI called
du riefstyou called
er riefhe called
wir riefenwe called
ihr rieftyou called
sie riefenthey called

Als ich mit dem Essen fertig war, rief ich den Kellner.
When we finished eating, I called the waiter

Marie hatte Angst und rief nach ihrer Mutter
Marie was afraid and called for her mother

Subjunctive II (Konjunktiv II)

ich riefe
du riefest
er riefe
wir riefen
ihr riefet
sie riefen

Participle (Partizip)

Partizip IPartizip II

Imperative (Imperativ)

2nd person singular
2nd person pluralruftcall
Polite formrufen Siecall

Wenn es jemandem nicht gut geht, ruf sofort den Arzt
If someone is not feeling well, call a doctor immediately

Verbs with the stem "rufen"

anrufento call (by phone)
(separable verb)
aufrufento call up
(a person or a computer function)
(separable verb)