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The irregular verb "lesen" in German

lesen

Meaning of "lesen" in German

The verb "lesen" means:

to read

Ich lese gern Bücher
I like to read books

Liest du gerade ein Buch?
Are you reading a book?

In der Schule werden wir bald Gedichte lesen
We will soon read poems at school

Structure: lesen + [accusative] (what is read)

Grammar of "lesen"

"lesen" is an irregular verb.

Verb3rd PersonPräteritumPartizip IIMeaning
lesenliestlasgelesento read

Main article: Irregular verbs

Conjugation of "lesen"

Present simple (Präsens Indikativ)

ConjugationMeaning
ich leseI read
du liestyou read
er liesthe reads
wir lesenwe read
ihr lestyou read
sie lesenthey read

Welchen Roman liest du im Moment?
What novel are you reading right now?

Ich lese gerade „Die Blechtrommel“ von Günther Grass
I’m reading "The Tin Drum" by Günther Grass

Perfect (Perfekt)

ConjugationMeaning
ich habe gelesenI have read
du hast gelesenyou have read
er hat gelesenhe has read
wir haben gelesenwe have read
ihr habt gelesenyou have read
sie haben gelesenthey have read

Ich habe in der Zeitung gelesen, dass es heute regnen soll
I read in the paper that it’s supposed to rain today

Simple past (Präteritum)

ConjugationMeaning
ich lasI read
du lastyou read
er lashe read
wir lasenwe read
ihr lastyou read
sie lasenthey read

Subjunctive II (Konjunktiv II)

Conjugation
ich läse
du läsest
er läse
wir läsen
ihr läset
sie läsen

Participle (Partizip)

Partizip IPartizip II
lesend
(reading)
gelesen
(read)

Imperative (Imperativ)

PersonConjugationMeaning
2nd person singular
liesread
2nd person plurallestread
Polite formlesen Sieread

Verbs with the stem "lesen"

VerbMeaning
durchlesento skim/read through
(separable verb)
nachlesento reread
(separable verb)
vorlesento read aloud
(inseparable verb)



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