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The irregular verb "leiden" in German

Meaning of "leiden" in German

The verb "leiden" meaans:

1.-to suffer

Warum leidet man an einer Depression?
Why does one suffer from depression?

Er leidet an Krebs
He has cancer

Sie leidet unter der Eifersucht ihres Freundes
She suffers from her boyfriend’s jealousy

Structure: leiden + an + [dative] (to suffer from a disease).

Grammar of "leiden"

"leiden" is an irregular verb.

Verb3rd PersonPräteritumPartizip IIMeaning
leidenleidetlittgelittento suffer

Conjugation of "leiden"

Present simple (Präsens Indikativ)

ConjugationMeaning
ich leideI suffer
du leidestyou suffer
er leidethe suffers
wir leidenwe suffer
ihr leidetyou suffer
sie leidenthey suffer

Perfect (Perfekt)

ConjugationMeaning
ich habe gelittenI have suffered
du hast gelittenyou have suffered
er hat gelittenhe has suffered
wir haben gelittenwe have suffered
ihr habt gelittenyou have suffered
sie haben gelittenthey have suffered

Simple past (Präteritum)

ConjugationMeaning
ich littI suffered
du littestyou suffered
er litthe suffered
wir littenwe suffered
ihr littetyou suffered
sie littenthey suffered

The Subjunctive II (Konjunktiv II)

Conjugation
ich litte
du littest
er litte
wir litten
ihr littet
sie litten

Participle (Partizip)

Partizip IPartizip II
leidend
(suffering)
gelitten
(suffered)

Imperative (Imperativ)

PersonConjugationMeaning
2nd person singular
leid / leidesuffer
2nd person pluralleidetsuffer
Polite formleiden Siesuffer



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