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The verb 'denken' in German

Quote:
"Ich denke, also bin ich"
"I think, therefore I am"
René Descartes (1596-1650)

Meaning of "denken"

The verb "denken" means:

1.-to think

Das gibt mir zu denken
This makes me think

2.- denken + an + (Accusative) to think about

Ich denke an dich
I think about you

Ich denke daran
I think about it

Woran hast du gedacht?
What did you think about?

2.- denken + über + (Accusative) to think about

Ich denke gerade über mein Leben nach
I am thinking about my life right now

3.- sich denken to imagine (reflexive verbs)

Grammar of "denken"

"denken" is an irregular verb.

Verb3rd PersonPräteritumPartizip IIMeaning
denkendenktdachtegedachtto think

Conjugation of "denken"

Present simple (Präsens Indikativ)

ConjugationMeaning
ich denke I think
du denkst you think
er/sie/es denkt he/she/it thinks
wir denken we think
ihr denkt you think
sie denken they think

Perfect (Perfekt)

ConjugationMeaning
ich habe gedachtI have thought
du hast gedachtyou have thought
er/sie/es hat gedachthe/she/it has thought
wir haben gedachtwe have thought
ihr habt gedachtyou have thought
sie haben gedachtthey have thought

Simple past (Präteritum)

ConjugationMeaning
ich dachteI thought
du dachtestyou thought
er/sie/es dachtehe/she/it thought
wir dachtenwe thought
ihr dachtetyou thought
sie dachtenthey thought

Subjunctive II (Konjunktiv II)

Conjugation
ich dächte
du dächtest
er/sie/es dächte
wir dächten
ihr dächtet
sie dächten

Participle (Partizip)

Partizip IPartizip II
denkend
(thinking)
gedacht
(thought)

Imperative (Imperativ)

PersonConjugationMeaning
2nd person singular
denkthink
2nd person pluraldenktthink
Polite formdenken Siethink

Verbs with the sufix "denken"

VerbMeaning
bedenkento consider,
to think about
(inseparable verb)
durchdenkento think something over,
meditate
(inseparable verb)
nachdenkento think about
(separable verb)



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